How To Create Pine Script On TradingView – A Complete Guide

Pine Script is TradingView’s proprietary programming language for creating customized trading indicators, strategies, alerts and studies. But how do you actually get started coding Pine Scripts from scratch on TradingView?

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover what Pine Script is, how to access the editor, an overview of the syntax, basic script structuring, plotting indicators, debugging tips, and much more. Follow along to unlock the power of Pine Script on TradingView!

Whether you have prior coding experience or are brand new, this step-by-step guide will equip you with the knowledge to start developing your own Pine Scripts. Let’s dive in!

How To Create Pine Script On TradingView

What is Pine Script and How is it Useful?

Pine Script allows programmers to write custom indicators and analysis tools that run natively on TradingView charts in the web and desktop platforms. Some key benefits include:

In short, Pine Script transforms TradingView from just a charting platform into a robust trading coding environment.

Accessing the Pine Script Editor on TradingView

To start coding Pine Scripts, you first need access to the script editor:


Click the Pine Script icon from the top toolbar or go to

Desktop App

Click the Pine Editor tab on the bottom panel to open the script editor

This will launch the Pine coding workspace where you can start developing!

Overview of Pine Script Syntax and Structure

Pine Script uses a C-inspired syntax along with some special TradingView functions:

  • Variables declared with types like float and bool
  • Reusable functions defined using func keyword
  • Source code compiled into a single-line //@version output
  • Indicator plotted values assigned with = like sma = ta.sma(close, 14)
  • Control flow via if/else conditions and logical operators
  • Multi-line comments with /* */ and single line with //

We’ll walk through example code to make syntax clear!

Creating Your First Script – Plotting an Indicator

Let’s create a simple Pine Script that plots a moving average crossover indicator:

  1. Access the Pine Editor and paste the code:
len = input(20, "Length")
ma = ta.sma(close, len)
plot(ma, "MA",
  1. Save the script with a filename like “MyMovingAverage”
  2. Add the custom indicator from your indicators list

That’s it! This scripts pulls closing price, calculates the simple moving average based on length input, plots it as a blue line, and shares the result on the chart.

You just created and ran your first Pine Script indicator!

Key Coding Concepts to Know

Here are some key Pine concepts to learn:

Variables – Store values like int len = 20

Math Operators – Perform calculations like +-*/

Conditional Logic– Make decisions like if (close > open) ...

Functions – Reusable code like ta.sma() from TradingView library

Plotting – Display indicators and shapes with plot() and hline()

Debugging – Fix issues by checking Pine logs and syntax

With just these core concepts, you can build amazing custom tools!

Troubleshooting Errors in Pine Script

Debugging Pine Scripts takes practice. Some troubleshooting tips:

  • Check the Pine compiler errors at the bottom of the editor
  • Look for typos in function names like ta.msa() instead of ta.sma()
  • Enable plotting in indicator calls like plot(sma, "SMA") to display values
  • Use print() statements to output variable values to Pine console
  • Validate data types – make sure not treating strings like numbers
  • Start simple and add complexity once base code works

Following logical workflows and testing incrementally avoids most issues.

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Building TradingView Strategies with Pine Script

Beyond indicators, you can code full trading systems:

  • Define entry rules based on technical indicators or candle patterns
  • Set exit conditions using stop losses and take profit targets
  • Use Orders and Positions functions for backtesting
  • Optimize parameters like stop size for highest performance
  • Analyze backtest stats to continue refining strategy

Robust trading algorithms can be developed within Pine Script.

Creating Custom Alerts with Pine

Alerts automate signal monitoring:

  • Define alert condition logic like “Alert when price crosses above 20 EMA”
  • Choose alert behaviors – once, multiple, on bar open, etc
  • Customize alert labels, sounds, and notification messages
  • Color code alerts or plot symbols when triggered

Alerts bring your scripts to life for automated execution.

Accessing Chart and Market Data with Pine

Pine Script provides rich data access:

  • Price data via OHLC candles like openhighlowclose
  • Volume, exchange, splits, dividends through volumeexchange, etc
  • Built-in functions for common indicators like smaatrrsi
  • Statistical functions like avg()sum()std()max()
  • Math functions like pow()sqrt()abs()log()

Robust market data powers accurate backtesting and analysis.

Key Takeaways of This Pine Script Guide

The basics we’ve covered should provide a solid foundation for trading script development:

  • What Pine Script is and why it is useful
  • How to access the Pine Editor on TradingView
  • Overview of Pine syntax and base concepts
  • Walkthrough of building a simple indicator script
  • Troubleshooting tips for fixing errors
  • Coding full trading strategies and alerts in Pine
  • Accessing extensive market data for backtesting

I hope this guide empowers you to start creating your own Pine Scripts to take full advantage of TradingView! Let me know if you have any other questions.

Author: Dominic Walsh

I am a highly regarded trader, author & coach with over 16 years of experience trading financial markets. Today I am recognized by many as a forex strategy developer. After starting blogging in 2014, I became one of the world's most widely followed forex trading coaches, with a monthly readership of more than 40,000 traders! Make sure to follow me on social media: Instagram | Facebook | Linkedin | Youtube| Twitter | Pinterest | Medium | Quora | Reddit | Telegram Channel

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