# How To Calculate Pips On TradingView – A Complete Guide

Pips are a key metric to measure price movements and performance in forex and CFD trading. But how exactly can you calculate pips on TradingView charts?

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover the definition of pips, their significance in forex, how to manually measure pip movements, encoding pip calculations in Pine Script, using pips for stop losses and profit targets, and common questions when analyzing pips on TradingView.

Follow along to unlock the power of tracking pips across currency pairs and CFDs on TradingView!

## What are Pips in Forex Trading?

Pips stand for “percentage in points” and represent the smallest unit of price change for currency pairs and CFDs.

For most major pairs like EUR/USD, each change of 0.0001 in price equals 1 pip of movement. For pairs involving the yen (JPY), 1 pip is 0.01.

Pip movements indicate how much profit or loss is incurred on trades. Analyzing pips is crucial for forex traders.

## Why Pips Matter for Forex Traders

Measuring pips is useful for forex traders because:

- Quantifies actual profit or loss on closed positions
- Sets stop losses and take profits based on pip risk tolerance
- Tracks performance of manual or automated trading systems
- Allows uniform performance measurement across currency pairs -Indicates the level of market volatility on a given day

Mastering pip math is fundamental for forex traders – let’s calculate!

## Manually Measuring Pips on TradingView Charts

We can manually measure pips by:

- Identifying a price swing high and low on the chart
- Taking the price difference between the high and low
- Dividing the price difference by 0.0001 (or 0.01 for yen pairs)

This tells you the pip measurement between the two points.

## Calculating Pips in TradingView Pine Script

We can also automate pip calculations in Pine Script:

```
// Long trade entry and exit
longEntry = 1.1234
longExit = 1.1254
// Subtract prices
pointsDiff = longExit - longEntry
// Divide by pip size
pips = pointsDiff / 0.0001
// Print value
print(pips) // Prints 200 pips
```

Now we have a reusable pip calculator for strategy backtesting!

## Using Pips for Stop Losses and Profit Targets

Pips let you easily set stop and target distances:

- Place stop loss pips below price:
`sl = close - 50 * 0.0001`

- Define take profit pips above price:
`tp = close + 80 * 0.0001`

- Modify orders by a pip amount:
`strategy.exit("My Long", limit=open+100*0.0001)`

Pips make measuring risk and targets uniform across currency pairs.

## Pips vs Points in Forex Trading

Pips and points are sometimes used interchangeably but have a subtle difference:

- Pips include the decimal places appropriate for that pair’s quote convention
- Points usually refers to price change in only whole numbers and disregards decimal fraction

For most pairs, 1 point change = 1 pip. But the terms aren’t fully interchangeable.

## Accounting for Variable Pip Sizes

Some exotic currency pairs may have variable pip sizes:

- Check quote convention to see how many decimal places are standard
- Adjust pip calculations by dividing price changes by appropriate fraction
- Use variable pip sizes in stop loss and profit setting

Fortunately major pairs all use standard pip sizes.

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## Common Pip Calculation Questions

Some frequently asked questions:

**How do I calculate pips in Pine Script?** Use the points change divided by decimal precision.

**Do all pairs have 0.0001 pips?** No – adjust fraction in formula for non-standard pairs.

**Can I use pips in stocks or options?** Not really – pips only apply to forex and CFD prices.

**What about fractional pips?** TradingView ignores partial pips in formula, so always round.

## Key Takeaways On How To Calculate Pips On TradingView

Let’s recap key concepts around calculating pips:

- Pips quantify forex price changes and trading performance
- Manually measure by noting price swing highs and lows
- Automate pip calculations in Pine Script using point changes divided by pair precision
- Use pips uniformly for setting stop loss, profit targets, order modifications
- Understand differences between pips and points
- Adjust pip size fraction used in calculations for exotic pairs

I hope these steps provide a framework for effectively measuring and applying pip analysis in your TradingView forex trading! Let me know if you have any other questions.